Apollo Medical College is one of the few hand-picked medical colleges in the country today to have a dedicated Biomedical Ethics Department. 

Ethics is an attempt to offer a rational response to the question of how humans should best live. Biomedical Ethics, is about morality and life. At a juncture of life and death, health and illness, relief and pain, hope, and misery, it would be difficult for the best of us to make a moral decision. As a doctor, such decisions cannot be made on the basis of what the patient wants alone, but in consideration of the situation at hand, the family, the nature of the illness, prognosis, and much more. The aim of the Biomedical Ethics Department then is to offer systematic instruction in ethics and expose students to the ethical dilemmas likely to be faced in everyday clinical practice.

Faculty List

This department is headed by Professor DeenDayal Reddy, one of the earliest and best qualified “BIOETHICIANS” in India. Under his guidance, a team of well thought senior doctors from various fields of medicine form this exceptional department

  • Dr. M. Prashanth DOJ: 01.01.1970

Topics Covered

The department of Biomedical Ethics at Apollo Medical College, offers a three-phase exposure to biomedical ethics, thus providing a solid foundation to our medical and allied health students. At first, all 3rd-year students will undergo a semester-long didactic on the theoretical aspects of biomedical ethics. The same students, in their 4th year, will undertake a group study on a selected bioethics topic and produce an academic paper. Finally, all those who successfully complete the first two phases will engage in identifying, analyzing, and writing an ethics consultation report, based on an actual case-study encountered during their ICU/Hospital rounds.

During the course of their regular classes, the following topics will be covered in detail. Other related and relevant topics will also be taken upon mutual suggestion and approval of the students and faculty and the Department head.

  • Moral theories in bioethics
  • Paternalism and patient autonomy
  • Truth-telling and confidentiality
  • Informed consent and human research
  • Abortion
  • Reproductive technology – ART/IVF
  • Genetic choices
  • Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (PAS)
  • Justice and healthcare
  • Allocation of healthcare resources

Over the years since its inception, the department has had many takers in our students, who actively involve and volunteered to take up independent projects in this field. These projects were done to improve their own knowledge and understanding of ethical-state-of-affairs in their immediate environment and communities as well as create awareness among others and instill in them the importance of ethics in the field of medicine. 

Some of the most notable projects include-

  • A retrospective study on Management of post-operative pain
  • An observational study on the Practice of aseptic techniques in-between patients 
  • A randomized study on the Storage temperature of medicines on the pharmacy shelves
  • A comparative study of the Knowledge, Attitude, and awareness about the principles of medical ethics,​between medical professionals and medical students.


Dear present and prospective students,

This is a pedagogic course in biomedical ethics, a type of applied ethics and moral theory. For the present, the required text for the course is Bioethics: Principles, Issues, and Cases by Lewis Vaughn (copies are available in the library). In addition, there will be links to other writings and lectures (by world-famous philosophers) on particular topics throughout the course.

A syllabus will be posted on this Webpage every year before the beginning of the Fall semester. We will use current case studies and primary source readings highlighting central theories, issues, and problems in bioethics, generally, and biomedical ethics, specifically. Bioethical concerns including the right to live and die, paternalism versus autonomy and the patient’s bill of rights, biomedical experimentation and research, reproductive technologies, social and institutional justice, and healthcare duties, responsibilities, and relationships. Rudimentary aspects of normative ethics met ethics, and applied ethics will be considered. For this course, 4-semester credits have been assigned.
No previous knowledge of ethical or moral theory or bioethical dilemmas is required for this course. Students will be introduced to elements of moral theory, ethics, and logical argumentation. Once this framework is in place, students will have the tools to evaluate arguments on all sides of a controversial issue as well as construct reasoned and thoughtful analysis of their own positions.

The topics covered in this course are generally controversial, morally unsettling, and often emotionally charged. One of the key tasks of the course, then, is to enable students to analyze and argue within the philosophical framework of ethical theory without committing typical logical fallacies (ad hominem, appeals to emotion, straw-manning, and begging the question which is common to political debates). This course also introduces students to new research in clinical medicine and ongoing developments in the law.

The students are expected to review the syllabus before every week and come prepared to take tests and other reading assignments. Everything relevant to your weekly assignments will also be posted on this Webpage, under the Home-Work tab.

I look forward to an interesting semester working with you all on some very difficult issues that real people face every day in their lives. Each week we will use the discussion forums to explore these issues. I should like to believe that if you are taking this course you are concerned and interested in these debates. And I am sure that we can benefit greatly from talking about them with one another.

Please feel free to reach out to any one of the staff members in the department of bioethics. I am also available through email and you may reach me at [email protected]. Use it! 

Prof. DeenDayal Reddy
[email protected]

PS. Please note that the “Biomedical Ethics” course is compulsory for all MBBS students. A passing score of 80% in biomedical ethics is required! This initiative is supported by the leadership of Apollo Medical College and the latest MCI/ICMR guidelines.

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